How do I cite data?

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Each style guide has specific rules regarding citation of data and data sets. Below are examples from some of the most popular citation manuals.

 

APA (6th edition):

Author. (Year). Title of data set [Description]. Retrieved from URL

 

Example from the web:

United States Department of Agriculture. (2014). Food access research atlas [Data file]. Retrieved from http://www.ers.usda.gov/datafiles/Food_Access_Research_Atlas/Download_the_Data/Current_Version/DataDownload.xlsx

Example from a library database:

Easy Analytic Software, Inc. (2015). Household Appliances | Appliances For Climate Control (household owns): Central air conditioner, 2015. Retrieved from Statistical Datasets. 

NOTE: The main difference between web and subscription database is that the URL is not needed for the subscritpion database; you just need to name the resource. 

 

MLA (8th edition):

Author. Title of Data Set. Publisher Information, Year, URL.

 

Example from the web:

United States Department of Agriculture. Food Access Research Atlas. data.gov, 2014, http://www.ers.usda.gov/datafiles/Food_Access_Research_Atlas/Download_the_Data/Current_Version/DataDownload.xlsx

Example from library database:

Easy Analytic Software, Inc. Household Appliances | Appliances For Climate Control (household owns): Central air conditioner. EASI Analytics, 2015. Statistical Datasets. 

 

Chicago:

Author. Title of Data Set. Publication Date. Distributor Information. URL.

 

Example from the web: 

United States Department of Agriculture. Food Access Research Atlas. 2014. Distributed by Data.gov. http://www.ers.usda.gov/datafiles/Food_Access_Research_Atlas/Download_the_Data/Current_Version/DataDownload.xlsx

Example from a library database:

Easy Analytic Software, Inc. Household Appliances | Appliances For Climate Control (household owns): Central air conditioner. 2015. Distributed by EASI Analytics. Statistical Datasets. 

NOTE: The main difference between web and subscription database is that the URL is not needed for the subscription database; you just need to name the resource.