How do I cite my sources?

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Choose from the following options:

MLA (Humanities, including English, Performing Arts, etc.)

The MLA Handbook, 8th Ed., is available in the Reference area (Ref 808.02 M699).  


APA (Social Sciences, including Psychology, Business, Communication, and Education)

The entire Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is available in the Reference area (Ref 150.149 Am35b).


Chicago (Politics, Art, History, Anthropology)

The entire Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) is available in the Reference area (Ref 808.02 Un3e), and is also available online. You can also visit the Quick Guide from the Chicago Manual publishers.

Turabian (History)

The entire Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is available in the Reference Room (Ref 808.02 T840c).

Also, A Pocket Guide to Writing History (8th edition), also known as "Rampolla," is available in Reference (Ref 907.2 R148a).  This writing guide uses Turabian, which is similar to the Chicago style of citation.


ASA American Sociological Association  (SMC Guide)


The preferred format for anthropology is now Chicago Manual of Style (Author-Date)

[Note: Some anthropology faculty may still prefer AAA American Anthropological Association (SMC Guide) style]


American Chemical Society (Chemistry; Biochemistry)

See the Quick Guide to Citing Using the ACS Style Guide from Pennsylvania State University's Physical and Mathematical Sciences Library or consult the full guide: The ACS style guide: effective communication of scientific information. (Ref. 540.02 D661a) 3rd ed. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society; Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

CSE (Sciences)

The entire Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers 7th ed. is available in the Reference Room (Ref 808.0665 C832)


National Library of Medicine (Medicine/Health)

The entire National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citations is available in the Reference Room (Ref 808.02 P274).


The entire The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation is available in the Reference Room (Ref 340.02 H261a). You can also check online (subscription) at

Electronic Citation Managers

Zotero - A free tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources.

Mendeley - A free reference manager and academic social network.

EndNote Basic - A web-based program that allows you to store, edit, and manage citations.

EasyBib - Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA (free version), APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.