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How do I cite my sources?
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Choose from the following options:
MLA (Humanities, including English, Performing Arts, etc.)
The MLA Handbook, 8th Ed., is available in the Reference area (Ref 808.02 M699).
- SMC Library Guide to MLA Style, 8th Edition (or use the old MLA 7th edition Style Guide)
- Official MLA Style Website
- List of words NOT capitalized in titles in MLA Style
- EasyBib's visual guide to formatting your essay in MLA Style
APA (Social Sciences, including Psychology, Business, Communication, and Education)
The entire Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is available in the Reference area (Ref 150.149 Am35b).
- APA Style Guide
- APA Style Guide for Business - A supplement to the regular APA Style Guide highlighting common, hard to cite data-focused resources
- APA Style Blog (Electronic Resources) - For formatting rules that apply to resources not found in the print manual.
Chicago (Politics, Art, History, Anthropology)
The entire Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition) is available in the Reference area (Ref 808.02 Un3e), and is also available online. You can also visit the Quick Guide from the Chicago Manual publishers.
- Chicago Manual of Style (Author-Date) [guide for social sciences, like politics]
- Chicago Manual of Style (Notes-Bibliography) [guide for humanities, like history and art]
The entire Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is available in the Reference Room (Ref 808.02 T840c).
Also, A Pocket Guide to Writing History (8th edition), also known as "Rampolla," is available in Reference (Ref 907.2 R148a). This writing guide uses Turabian, which is similar to the Chicago style of citation.
The preferred format for anthropology is now Chicago Manual of Style (Author-Date)
[Note: Some anthropology faculty may still prefer AAA American Anthropological Association style]
American Chemical Society (Chemistry; Biochemistry)
See the Quick Guide from Pennsylvania State University or consult the full guide in the 1st floor Reference Room: The ACS style guide: effective communication of scientific information. (Ref. 540.02 D661a) 3rd ed. Washington, DC : American Chemical Society ; Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2006.
The entire Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers 7th ed. is available in the Reference Room (Ref 808.0665 C832)
National Library of Medicine (Medicine/Health)
The entire National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citations is available in the Reference Room (Ref 808.02 P274).
Electronic Citation Managers
Zotero - A free tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources.
Mendeley - A free reference manager and academic social network.
EndNote Basic - A web-based program that allows you to store, edit, and manage citations.
EasyBib - Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA (free version), APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.